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27 août 2013 2 27 /08 /août /2013 01:19

http://mainichi.jp/graph/2013/08/26/20130826p2a00m0na010000c/image/001.jpg

Heavy rain hits western Japan, flooding downtown Osaka

 
A man walks on a flooded road near Hankyu Railway Umeda Station in Kita Ward, Osaka, on Aug. 25. Photo courtesy of Tsunashiki-Tenjinja shrine)

Unstable atmospheric pressure caused by warm and humid winds flowing toward a rain front brought heavy rain to western Japan on Aug. 25, flooding extensive areas including the Umeda district of downtown Osaka, weather officials and police said.

The western Shimane Prefecture city of Masuda had record rainfall of 87 millimeters over an hour on Aug. 25, while Osaka's Chuo Ward saw a record 27.5 millimeters of rain over a 10-minute period on the morning of the same day.

The Hyogo Prefecture city of Nishinomiya, the Kumamoto Prefecture city of Aso and the Yamaguchi Prefecture city of Hagi saw 78, 77 and 76.5 millimeters of rain, respectively, for an hour. Osaka Airport in the Toyonaka area of Osaka Prefecture had 66 millimeters of rain per hour.

Data from a weather radar indicated that about 100 millimeters of rain fell near Tsuwano, Shimane Prefecture, over an hour period, prompting the local meteorological observatory to issue a warning for record-breaking heavy rain over a short-period in the region.

Services on the JR Sanko Line that connects Gotsu, Shimane Prefecture, and Miyoshi, Hiroshima Prefecture, have been suspended since a bridge was washed away near Inbara Station in Shimane Prefecture. There is no prospect that services on the line will be resumed in the foreseeable future.

In big cities in Osaka and Hyogo prefectures, houses, entertainment districts and underground passages around railway stations were flooded. The underground passageway of JR Settsu-Motoyama Station in Higashinada Ward, eastern Kobe, had floods 60 to 70 centimeters deep, and station workers carried some passengers on their shoulders.

Wide areas around Hankyu Railway Umeda Station in Kita Ward, Osaka, including shopping malls, were flooded, forcing many stores to temporarily close down.

The 58-year-old manager of a drugstore in the area, which was flooded above floor level, said, "I had never experienced such a massive flood before."

In Osaka Prefecture, 26 houses in Toyonaka, Suita, Osaka and other cities were flooded above floor level while 202 other structures were submerged below floor level, while more than 70 houses were flooded in the Hyogo Prefecture cities of Nishinomiya, Ashiya, Amagasaki and other areas, local government officials said.

A disaster-prevention expert pointed out that the capacity of drainage facilities at entertainment districts in urban areas, which can typically respond to heavy rain amounting to 50 to 60 millimeters per hour, is insufficient in countering torrential rains.

"The number of cases of localized torrential rain over a short period has been increasing. Even if shopping districts are equipped with draining systems, they cannot sufficiently drain water from torrential rain during a short period if the places are situated in lowland areas, occasionally causing a flood," said professor Keiichi Toda of Kyoto University.

August 26, 2013(Mainichi Japan)

 

Merci http://mainichi.jp/english/english/newsselect/news/20130826p2a00m0na010000c.html

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20 août 2013 2 20 /08 /août /2013 02:43

Nara researcher finds oldest weights in Japan

http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2013/08/19/national/nara-researcher-finds-oldest-weights-in-japan/#.UhK62n-6kSk

by Komaki Niregane

Kyodo

  • Aug 19, 2013

Archaeologist Susumu Morimoto recently made a landmark discovery that could change today’s views of Japan’s ancient measuring system and of the Yayoi Period (300 B.C. to 300).

The head of the International Cooperation Section at the Nara National Research Institute for Cultural Properties discovered that what were believed to be grinding stones from the first half of Yayoi, about 2,400 years ago, are actually weights for scales.

“This would be my first and last discovery, and the greatest (in my life as a researcher),” Morimoto, 54, said.

“Compared with the continent (China), people back in that period are often considered barbaric,” he said. “But it may have been a more advanced era already with measurements and mathematics.”

Morimoto has said that the weights, with an accuracy of 99 percent, may have been used for trade and for items that could not be otherwise measured.

Morimoto had been obsessed with the 11 stones ever since he saw them about 30 years ago after they were excavated from the Kamei site in Osaka Prefecture, where there used to be a village surrounded by a moat during the Yayoi Period.

The cylindrical stones, which are 3 to 8 cm long with a radius of 1 to 4.5 cm, are more than 500 years older than the previous oldest bronze weights from the latter half of Yayoi that were unearthed from the Harunotsuji site in Iki, Nagasaki Prefecture.

Morimoto said he doubted the stones from the Kamei site were used as grinders because they looked different from any of the grinders he had researched and because he was unable to confirm any grinding traces.

To find what the stones were actually used for, Morimoto collected data and made calculations in the spring of last year that suggested they may be two sets of weights. He became more strongly convinced of this when he remembered weights from Mesopotamia he saw at the Louvre Museum in Paris in September 2010.

Morimoto said he hastily wrote a report on this assumption for presentation at the end of last year, but feared that “someone else may have already found it out as this seems too evident.”

A native of Tsu, Mie Prefecture, Morimoto became interested in the Paleolithic period when he was a sixth-grader and found his favorite books were reports on archaeological excavations.

He acquired his master’s degree in archaeology at Kyoto University and also studied in Belgium, before joining the Nara research institute at the age of 30.

Despite having little knowledge of computer programming, he learned to develop his own database and made one that lets researchers search for survey reports and unearthed artifacts across Japan.

Morimoto has also been involved in many projects to preserve archaeological sites overseas, having made more than 100 trips to Afghanistan, Cambodia and other countries.

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17 août 2013 6 17 /08 /août /2013 16:44

http://www.photo.rmn.fr/LowRes2/TR1/8NS4GY/00-022482.jpg

Source: http://www.photo.rmn.fr/cf/htm/CPicZ.aspx?E=2C6NU0V6ZYGV
Titre :
Okane de Dôtombori à Osaka
Description :
Série "Réunion de belles prostituées des trois villes". 1795-1796
Auteur :
Eiri Hosoda (actif de 1790 à 1800) japonais ; peintre
Période :
19e siècle
Technique/Matière :
estampe nishike-e
Site de production :
Japon (origine)
Hauteur :
0.375 m.
Longueur :
0.251 m.
Localisation :
Paris, musée Guimet - musée national des Arts asiatiques
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17 août 2013 6 17 /08 /août /2013 16:39

http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b9047208k/f1.highreshttp://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b9047208k

 

Titre : Contretype : la ville d'Osaka : [photographie de presse] / Agence Meurisse

Auteur : Agence de presse Meurisse. Agence photographique

Éditeur : diff. par l'Agence Meurisse (Paris)

Date d'édition : 1934

Type : image fixe,photographie

Langue : Français

Format : 1 photogr. nég. sur verre ; 13 x 18 cm (sup.) ou moins

Format : image/jpeg

Droits : domaine public

Identifiant : ark:/12148/btv1b9047208k

Identifiant : Numéro commercial : Meurisse 112879 A

Source : Bibliothèque nationale de France, département Estampes et photographie, EI-13(2907)

Relation : Appartient à : [Recueil. Actualités 1933-10-14**1935-04-30. Agence Meurisse MEU 105550 A-5080 bis B]

Relation : http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb41595111g

Description : Ancien détenteur : Agence de presse Meurisse

Description : Référence bibliographique : Meurisse, 112879 A

Provenance : bnf.fr

Date de mise en ligne : 11/04/2011

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17 août 2013 6 17 /08 /août /2013 15:30

http://www.photo.rmn.fr/LowRes2/TR1/J0KEZ/00-024976.jpg

Source: http://www.photo.rmn.fr/cf/htm/CPicZ.aspx?E=2C6NU0VO1JL7

 

Titre :
Les voltigeurs d'Osaka
Auteur :
Shigemasa Kitao (1739-1820) japonais ; peintre
Période :
18e siècle
Date :
1772
Technique/Matière :
estampe nishike-e
Site de production :
Japon (origine)
Hauteur :
0.229 m.
Longueur :
0.324 m.
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1 août 2013 4 01 /08 /août /2013 15:25

Merci http://mainichi.jp/english/english/newsselect/news/20130731p2a00m0na011000c.html

 

Ancient tumulus discovered in Osaka residential area

Stones that were used for the Nagayama tumulus are seen in this photo in Sakai, Osaka Prefecture. (Mainichi)
Stones that were used for the Nagayama tumulus are seen in this photo in Sakai, Osaka Prefecture. (Mainichi)

SAKAI, Osaka -- Ancient clay figures and stones that belonged to the Nagayama tumulus, which appears in documents but was thought to have been removed through land development, have been discovered for the first time at a residential area here.

The Sakai Municipal Government announced July 30 that the pieces of ancient stones and clay figures that were discovered in the city's residential area are part of the Nagayama tumulus. Researchers also found out that the burial mound was built in the late fourth century, suggesting that it's one of the oldest tumuli in the Mozu Tumuli Cluster.

Among other burial mounds in the tumuli cluster, the Nagayama tumulus is located closest to Osaka Bay along with the Chinooka tumulus of the same period. Because of this, city officials believe that buildings of these large tumuli started from places near the sea.

The municipal government has been conducting an excavation survey on the area, about 2,200 square meters in size, since May this year for reconstruction of public housing. According to the city's cultural property section, the stones are believed to have been used for the edge of the tumulus. They are placed straight and are about 16 meters long, 1.4 meters in width and 0.5 meters in height. The stones are believed to be part of the keyhole-shaped Nagayama tumulus, which is calculated to be 100 meters in size.

Researchers also found other ancient articles around the area such as a piece of a circular stone, about 20 centimeters in diameter, a shield from the late fourth century and pieces of clay figurines.

Nagayama tumulus is located several hundred meters from the sea of that period. The Chinooka tumulus is built about 700 meters south of the Nagayama burial mound. City officials suppose that these tumuli were designed to display the power of leaders when viewed from the ocean.

An information session is scheduled to be held at the site from 1-4 p.m. on Aug. 3. No application is required. For more information, call the Sakai Municipal Government's cultural property section at 072-273-6101 (in Japanese).

July 31, 2013(Mainichi Japan)

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29 juillet 2013 1 29 /07 /juillet /2013 16:43
The Social Structural Influence on Attitudes towards Commerce. The Case of Osaka, Japan
Ryan Langrill
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29 juillet 2013 1 29 /07 /juillet /2013 16:32
Southeast Conference of the Association for Asian Studies
Southeast Review of Asian Studies
Volume 34 (2012), pp.128–52
Esoteric Images of Light and Life at Osaka
Kokubunji, Japan
PAMELA
D.WINFIELD
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29 juillet 2013 1 29 /07 /juillet /2013 16:21

Summary:

Mobile technology is becoming increasingly widespread in museums and cultural heritage sites, and many institutions have already developed applications that can be downloaded on mobile phones. Amongst these, iPhone Applications are certainly the most popular. The research briefly presented here describes the phases of the development of an iPhone application to interactively present the story of the people and places depicted on the Summer War of Osaka byo̅bu (traditional Japanese wooden folding screens) currently displayed at Osaka Castle Museum, Osaka City, Japan. The iPhone application will also be integrated with the Tiled Display Wall system of the Knowledge Creating Communication Research Center of NICT (Kyoto) to test various interaction functionalities.

 

Texte complet: http://eprints.brighton.ac.uk/8334/1/VSMM2010-CARILLO.pdf

 

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29 juillet 2013 1 29 /07 /juillet /2013 16:19
City, Culture and Society 3, 1 (2012)
The Urban Social History of Osaka: A Study Focusing on the Lifeworld of the Urban Masses
 
 
1. Takashi Tsukada, The Urban History of Osaka
2. Daniel Botsman, Recovering Japan's Urban Past: Yoshida Nobuyuki, Tsukada Takashi, and the Cities of the Tokugawa period
3. Hiroshi Niki, The City of Osaka in the Medieval Period: Religion and the Transportation of Goods in the Uemachi Plateau
4. Shigeru Yagi, The People Connected with Vegetable Markets
5. Toru Morishita, Stevedores and Stevedores' Guilds
6. Naoki Tani, Town Carpenters and Carpenters' Groups in Osaka
7. Yoshiyuki Taketani, Construction Workers' Guilds in Early Modern Osaka
8. Yutsuki Kanda, The Traditional City of Osaka and Performers
9. Takashi Tsukada, The Hinin and City Neighborhoods of Nineteenth-Century Osaka
10. Ashita Saga, Urban Lower-Class Society in Modern Osaka
11. John Porter, Poverty, Disease, and Urban Governance in Late Nineteenth-Century Osaka
12. Jeffrey Hanes, Progressivism for the Pacific world: Urban social policymaking in modern Osaka
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